International freight transport
- main routes to Finland, Sweden and Norway
- ADR and GPS equipped trucks
- both full and partial cargo
- freight covered by CMR and freight forwarder liability insurance.
- a fleet of 50 vehicles
Our main area of business is currently international transportation. We mainly transport goods in Finland, Sweden and Norway. Our services also include warehousing and helping with customs formalities.
European Transport OÜ is an Estonian freight forwarding and logistics company established in 2004. Our main area of activity is international freight transportation and today our main routes reach Finland, Sweden and Norway.
Our fleet consists of 50 trucks, all of which are equipped with ADR and GPS systems. We deliver both single pallets and full cargo, and our freight is always covered by insurance.
We use two types of trailers:
1) Semitrailers with a capacity of up to 34 EUR-pallets
(trailer dimensions: length 13.6m, width 2.48m, height 2.7m)
2) Mega trailers with a capacity of up to 34 EUR-pallets
(trailer dimensions: length 13.6m, width 2.48m, height 3.0m)
1 m3 = 333kg
LDM = 1850kg (loading meter)
1 EUR-pallet = 80x120cm
EUR-pallet = 2.7m3
EUR-pallet = 740kg
1 m3 = 333kg
LDM = 1850kg (loading meter)
EUR-pallet = 100x120cm
EUR-pallet = 3.3m3
EUR-pallet = 925kg
The orderly and safe arrival of the goods is the aim of both the sender and the recipient. It is, however, impossible to foresee all risks, which is why all our cargo is covered by CMR insurance as well as freight forwarder liability insurance.
Incoterms specify the rights and obligations of the parties to a sale/purchase agreement. Incoterms 2010 were developed in Paris by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). Incoterms terms of delivery consist of 13 clauses pertaining to shipping and other modes of transport.
FCA – Free Carrier
Specified loading site, used with all modes of transport. The seller delivers the goods to a place (or carrier) nominated by the buyer. The seller is responsible for the customs clearance of the goods. If loading occurs at the seller’s premises, the seller is responsible for loading the goods on to the vehicle. If loading occurs at a carrier’s premises, the seller is responsible for loading the goods on to the vehicle, but not for unloading them.
CPT – Carriage Paid To
Specified loading site at the delivery point, used with all modes of transport. The seller’s responsibilities include transport and logistics, covering the costs up to the delivery point and the customs clearance for the exported goods.
CIP – Carriage and Insurance Paid To
Specified loading site at the delivery point, used with all modes of transport. The seller’s responsibilities include transport, covering the costs up to the delivery point, customs clearance for the exported goods and insurance of the cargo for the benefit of the buyer.
EXW – Ex Works
Specified loading site, used with all modes of transport. The seller makes the goods available at their premises or at another named place. The seller is not responsible for the customs clearance of export goods or of loading the goods on to a vehicle. The buyer bears all risks and costs related to and following the loading of goods at the loading site specified by the seller.
DDP – Delivered Duty Paid
Specified loading site at the delivery point, used with all modes of transport. The seller’s responsibilities include transport, covering the costs up to the buyer’s location, but also customs clearance (incl. state fees, licences). The buyer bears the costs of unloading the goods.
DAP – Delivered At Place
The seller delivers when the goods are placed at the disposal of the buyer on the arriving means of transport ready for unloading at the named place of destination. The seller assumes all risk until arrival at the destination. DAP is a new supply clause created to replace three supply clauses (DAF, DES and DDU) from the previous classifier version (2000).
DAT – Delivered At Terminal
The seller delivers the goods when the unloaded goods have been given over to the buyer at the named terminal at the named destination port or other destination. The terminal is any covered or uncovered site, such as a berth, warehouse, container yard or road, rail or air cargo terminal. The seller bears all the risk in the delivery and unloading of the goods at the named port or destination terminals. This clause also underlines the need to specify a precise point within that destination, since the seller assumes all costs and risk up to that point. DAT is a new supply clause created to replace the supply clause DEQ – Delivered Ex Quay from the previous classifier version (2000).
ADR and the transport of dangerous goods
Substances and articles which may damage health, the environment or property are classified as dangerous goods and transported according to ADR (International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road). When transporting goods classified as dangerous by ADR, the vehicle must be accordingly equipped, the carrier must be licenced to carry ADR-classified dangerous goods, and the driver must have undergone a training to obtain an ADR Driver Training Certificate.
The 13 hazard classes according to ADR:
Class 1 Explosive substances and articles
Class 2 Gases
Class 3 Flammable liquids
Class 4.1 Flammable solids
Class 4.2 Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
Class 4.3 Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases
Class 5.1 Oxidizing substances
Class 5.2. Organic peroxides
Class 6.1 Toxic substances
Class 6.2 Infectious substances
Class 7 Radioactive material
Class 8 Corrosive substances
Class 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles
IMO and the transport of dangerous goods by sea
When transporting dangerous goods by sea we follow IMO (International Maritime Organisation) provisions aimed at ensuring maritime safety and security, saving the environment, solving legal issues and fixing the technical cooperation of different parties. The International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG) specifies that dangerous goods delivered at a port must be named, packaged and labelled (equipped with labels and posters) according to IMDG requirements. The sender is fully responsible for the correct marking.
ADR and IMO documents and submitting them
If you require a multi-modal transport service (two or more modes of transport, such as transport by ship and vehicle), it is very important that the names, packaging and labels of the goods comply with the requirements for the carriage of dangerous goods of both modes of transport. In official and technical documents the commercial name of the dangerous goods or substance is not enough, it is important to also include the proper shipping name of the dangerous goods or substance, the UN number, class and packaging group. The same requirements apply to goods or substances which are classified as Limited Quantities. When ordering a transport service it is important to provide a signed Dangerous Goods Declaration and, if necessary, the original of the declaration with the documentation.